Informal milk sharing
Milk Sharing: Formal and Informal By Sharon Knorr, BSMT (ASCP), Breastfeeding USA
The Four Pillars of Safe Breast Milk Sharing by Shell Walker and Maria Armstrong, from Midwifery Today (2012), 101, 34-37.
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Use of Fresh Donor Human Milk Protocol (Appendix 4-C) from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative’s Nutritional Support of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant Quality Improvement Toolkit
Gribble KD, Hausman BL. Milk sharing and formula feeding: Infant feeding risks in comparative perspective. AMJ 2012, 5, 5, 275-283. http//dx.doi.org/10.4066/AMJ.2012.1222.
Statement regarding use of informally shared human milk from the American Academy of Nursing on Policy Position, from Nurs Outlook. 64 (2016) 98-102.
Sharing breastmilk: wet nursing, cross-feeding, and milk donations, by Virginia Thorley, from Breastfeed Rev. 2008 Mar;16(1):25-9.
Wet Nursing and Cross Nursing by Judy Minami, from Leaven, Vol. 31 No. 4, July-August 1995, pp. 53-5.
Nursing Two (a mom’s story of cross nursing in an emergency situation) by Julia Richter, from New Beginnings, Vol. 21 No. 5, September-October 2004, p. 171.
Lawrence R. Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession, 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Mosby, 2005: 732-733 (Section on wet nursing & cross nursing).
Mother to Mother Milk Sharing
Milk Bank FAQ @ KellyMom
Donor human milk from the San Diego County Breastfeeding Coalition
Use of Heat Processed, Banked Donor Human Milk (Appendix 4-D) from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative’s Nutritional Support of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant Quality Improvement Toolkit
Donor milk FAQ from the International Breast Milk Project. This is a for-profit milk bank, Prolacta Bioscience, that produces human milk fortifier for critically ill and premature infants in the NICU.
Becoming a Donor to a Human Milk Bank by Lois D. W. Arnold, MPH, IBCLC
Human Milk Banking (CEU/CERP program) by Vergie Hughes RN MS IBCLC
A Snapshot of Milk Banking in Other Countries from Leaven, Vol. 36 No. 2, April-May 2000, pp. 22-23
Clinical Uses of Donor Milk by Lois D.W. Arnold, from J Hum Lact 1990; 6; 132. DOI: 10.1177/089033449000600326
Milk Bank websites
Milk bank locations in the US & Canada from the Human Milk Banking Association of North America (non-profit donor human milk banking). Contact individual milk banks for information on donating or receiving milk.
International Breast Milk Project. This is a for-profit milk bank, Prolacta Bioscience, that produces human milk fortifier for critically ill and premature infants in the NICU.
Bancos de Leite Humano (BLH-BR) — Brazil’s Human Milk Bank network
Foster Breastfeeding, compiled by Dusty Copeland
Breastfeeding of a Medically Fragile Foster Child by Karleen D. Gribble, PhD, from J Hum Lact. 2005 Feb;21(1):42-6. doi: 10.1177/0890334404272392
Foster Breastfeeding: A Personal Story by Ruth Piatak, from Breastfeeding Update: SDCBCs quarterly newsletter, Sept 2002, Volume 2, Issue 3, p 5.
Foster Breastfeeding: Another Perspective by Nancy E. Wight MD, FAAP, IBCLC, from Breastfeeding Update: SDCBCs quarterly newsletter, Sept 2002, Volume 2, Issue 3, p 5.