Recommended print resources
Flower H. Adventures in Tandem Nursing: Breastfeeding During Pregnancy and Beyond. Schaumburg, IL: La Leche League International, 2003, pp. 209-246.
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Full-length book written for mothers themselves as well as the physicians, lactation consultants, and others who are in support positions. Contains in-depth reviews of research related to the health/safety of breastfeeding during pregnancy, nutritional concerns, and the physiology of the changing breast.
Mohrbacher N, Stock J. The Breastfeeding Answer Book, Third Revised Edition. Schaumburg, Illinois: La Leche League International, 2003, p. 406-415.
This reference book, organized in easy-reference format for those who are supporting the breastfeeding mother, includes nine pages on breastfeeding during pregnancy and tandem nursing. The science section was updated by Hilary Flower for this edition.
Bumgarner NJ. Mothering Your Nursing Toddler, 3rd ed. Schaumburg, IL: La Leche League International, 2000, pp. 121-149.
This book written for nursing mothers includes a chapter on breastfeeding during pregnancy and tandem nursing, plus other helpful information on benefits of continued nursing, how the breastfeeding relationship changes as the child grows, and information on weaning.
Lawrence R and Lawrence R. Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession, 5th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1999, pp. 671-673.
This textbook for medical professionals, written by physicians, includes two pages on breastfeeding during pregnancy and tandem nursing.
Riordan J and Auerbach K. Breastfeeding and Human Lactation, 2nd ed. Boston and London: Jones and Bartlett, 1999, p. 331-332.
This clinical textbook for lactation professionals includes two pages on breastfeeding during pregnancy.
Nursing Mothers’ Association of Australia. Breastfeeding Through Pregnancy and Beyond. Victoria, Australia: Nursing Mothers’ Association of Australia, 1993.
The Australian Breastfeeding Association’s own 27-page handbook.
Original research cited in the FAQ pages
Moscone [sic] SR, Moore MJ. Breastfeeding during pregnancy. J Hum Lact. 1993 Jun;9(2):83-88. (Sherrill Moscona’s name was mispelled in the original publication.)
Survey of 57 mothers who breastfed during some or all of pregnancy; provides statistics on weaning, the mother’s experiences of discomforts, and pregnancy outcome such as birth weight.
Saint L, Maggiore P, Hartmann PE. Yield and nutrient content of milk in eight women breastfeeding twins and one woman breastfeeding triplets. British Journal of Nutrition. 1986.56:49-58.
Study of 8 mothers breastfeeding twins and one mother exclusively breastfeeding triplets to determine milk yield and nutrient content at various points postpartum.
Prosser CG, Saint L, Hartmann PE. Mammary gland function during gradual weaning and early gestation in women. Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1984 Apr;62 ( Pt 2):215-28.
Research on the changes in milk composition during early pregnancy compared to gradual weaning in a non-pregnant mother. Includes milk production data on one mother who continued to produce milk throughout pregnancy and tandem nursed for 7 months. During her entire tandem nursing period she produced as much milk as mothers nursing twins.
Newton N, Theotokatos M. “Breastfeeding during pregnancy in 503 women.” In Emotion and Reproduction. London, England: Academic Press, 1979;845-49.
Survey of 503 mothers who breastfed during some or all of pregnancy; provides statistics on weaning, the mother’s experiences of discomforts, and proposes that pregnancy triggers a weaning mechanism in humans.
See the book Adventures in Tandem Nursing by Hilary Flower for a more complete list of references.