Breastfeeding and Maternal Diabetes


Internet resources

Breastfeeding With Diabetes by Lauren Priegues, from New Beginnings, Vol. 17 No. 3, May-June 2000, p. 84.

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Insulin resistance and lactation insufficiency: FAQ by Diana Cassar-Uhl, MPH, IBCLC

Print resources


Briggs GG, Ambrose PJ, Nageotte MP, Padilla G, Wan S. Excretion of Metformin Into Breast Milk and the Effect on Nursing Infants. Obstet Gynecol 2005;105:1437-1441.

Transfer of metformin into human milk by T. W. Hale, J. H. Kristensen, L. P. Hackett, R. Kohan and K. F. Ilett, from Diabetologia 2002;45:1509–1514.


Lawrence R, Lawrence R. Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession, 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Mosby, 2005, p. 575-581.

Riordan J. Breastfeeding and Human Lactation, 3rd ed. Boston and London: Jones and Bartlett, 2004, p. 459-461 (diabetes in mother), 575 (diabetes in infant).

Mohrbacher N, Stock J. The Breastfeeding Answer Book, Third Revised Ed. Schaumburg, Illinois: La Leche League International, 2003, p. 561-565.

Walker M. Maternal Acute and Chronic Illness. In: Walker M, ed. Core Curriculum for Lactation Consultant Practice. Boston: Jones and Bartlett, 2002, p. 210-211.

Arthur PG, Kent JC, Hartmann PE. Metabolites of lactose synthesis in milk from diabetic and nondiabetic women during lactogenesis II. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1994 Jul;19(1):100-8.

Neubauer SH, Ferris AM, Chase CG, et al. Delayed lactogenesis in women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Jul;58(1):54-60.

Bitman J, Hamosh M, Hamosh P, Lutes V, Neville MC, Seacat J, Wood DL. Milk composition and volume during the onset of lactation in a diabetic mother. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Dec;50(6):1364-9.

Butte NF, Garza C, Burr R, Goldman AS, Kennedy K, Kitzmiller JL. Milk composition of insulin-dependent diabetic women. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1987 Nov-Dec;6(6):936-41.

More journal articles on the subject

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