Informal milk sharing
Milk Sharing: Formal and Informal By Sharon Knorr, BSMT (ASCP), Breastfeeding USA
The Four Pillars of Safe Breast Milk Sharing by Shell Walker and Maria Armstrong, from Midwifery Today (2012), 101, 34-37.
Have you seen our sponsor
Pumpspotting is a breastfeeding app
that connects nursing moms
and helps them to find, rate
and share the best places
to pump and nurse.
Download the free app
to join the community.
Use of Fresh Donor Human Milk Protocol (Appendix 4-C) from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative’s Nutritional Support of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant Quality Improvement Toolkit
Gribble KD, Hausman BL. Milk sharing and formula feeding: Infant feeding risks in comparative perspective. AMJ 2012, 5, 5, 275-283. http//dx.doi.org/10.4066/AMJ.2012.1222.
Statement regarding use of informally shared human milk from the American Academy of Nursing on Policy Position, from Nurs Outlook. 64 (2016) 98-102.
Sharing breastmilk: wet nursing, cross-feeding, and milk donations, by Virginia Thorley, from Breastfeed Rev. 2008 Mar;16(1):25-9.
Wet Nursing and Cross Nursing by Judy Minami, from Leaven, Vol. 31 No. 4, July-August 1995, pp. 53-5.
Nursing Two (a mom’s story of cross nursing in an emergency situation) by Julia Richter, from New Beginnings, Vol. 21 No. 5, September-October 2004, p. 171.
Lawrence R. Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession, 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Mosby, 2005: 732-733 (Section on wet nursing & cross nursing).
Mother to Mother Milk Sharing
Milk Bank FAQ @ KellyMom
Donor human milk from the San Diego County Breastfeeding Coalition
Use of Heat Processed, Banked Donor Human Milk (Appendix 4-D) from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative’s Nutritional Support of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant Quality Improvement Toolkit
Donor milk FAQ from the Milk Bank.
Becoming a Donor to a Human Milk Bank by Lois D. W. Arnold, MPH, IBCLC
Human Milk Banking (CEU/CERP program) by Vergie Hughes RN MS IBCLC
A Snapshot of Milk Banking in Other Countries from Leaven, Vol. 36 No. 2, April-May 2000, pp. 22-23
Clinical Uses of Donor Milk by Lois D.W. Arnold, from J Hum Lact 1990; 6; 132. DOI: 10.1177/089033449000600326
Milk Bank websites
Milk bank locations in the US & Canada from the Human Milk Banking Association of North America (non-profit donor human milk banking). Contact individual milk banks for information on donating or receiving milk.
International Breast Milk Project. This is a for-profit milk bank, Prolacta Bioscience, that produces human milk fortifier for critically ill and premature infants in the NICU.
Bancos de Leite Humano (BLH-BR) — Brazil’s Human Milk Bank network
Foster Breastfeeding, compiled by Dusty Copeland
Breastfeeding of a Medically Fragile Foster Child by Karleen D. Gribble, PhD, from J Hum Lact. 2005 Feb;21(1):42-6. doi: 10.1177/0890334404272392
Foster Breastfeeding: A Personal Story by Ruth Piatak, from Breastfeeding Update: SDCBCs quarterly newsletter, Sept 2002, Volume 2, Issue 3, p 5.
Foster Breastfeeding: Another Perspective by Nancy E. Wight MD, FAAP, IBCLC, from Breastfeeding Update: SDCBCs quarterly newsletter, Sept 2002, Volume 2, Issue 3, p 5.