There has been a large amount of press about studies that have detected flame retardant chemicals (polybrominated diphenyl ether, or PBDE) in the breastmilk of American and Canadian women. Following are links with more information.
- Information on the studies
- Responses to concerns about the study findings
- More information
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) public summary. Health Canada FAQ.
Study: Schecter A, Pavuk M, Papke O, Ryan JJ, Birnbaum L, Rosen R. Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in U.S. Mothers’ Milk. Environ Health Perspect. 2003 Nov;111(14):1723-9.
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Mothers’ Milk: Record levels of toxic fire retardants found in American mothers’ breast milk – news release and detailed report on the study from the Environmental Working Group
Breastfeeding is safe for normal growth and development; not breastfeeding because of environmental pollutants will cause needless harm to infants. INFACT Canada Press release. June 9, 2004.
Contaminants from LLLI
Flame Retardant Pollutants by Thomas Hale, RPh, PhD. September 23, 2003
Breastfeeding Remains Best Choice in a Polluted World, LLLI Media Release. August 2003.
Flame Retardants: A General Introduction, Environmental Health Criteria Series No. 192, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1997. A good overview of the history, use, and dangers of flame retardants.
Assessing and Managing Chemicals under TSCA – PBDEs United States Environmental Protection Agency